The earliest settlement in the Petawawa area was inhabited by the Algonquin First Nation. The name of Petawawa originates from a local Algonquin language word, biidaawewe, meaning “where one hears a noise like this”. The spelling of the name of the town was Petewawa until at least 1916. In the late 19th century, the area was surveyed and settled by emigres from Scotland, Ireland and Germany. The land was unsuitable for crops, but the heavily forested surroundings were useful for logging.
The Garrison is located in the Ottawa Valley in Renfrew County, 170 kilometres (110 mi) northwest of Ottawa along the western bank of the Ottawa River. Its main gate is North of the town of Petawawa. The majority of the base territory is in the municipality of Laurentian Hills, with portions also in Petawawa and Deep River.
Early French explorers used a trail or route through this area. The Mattawa Trail, now called Mattawa Road still exists on parts of the base today. The site was originally a German immigrant settlement. German pioneers toiled to build a community out of the harsh and rugged terrain. Some of the topographical features in the training area still bear the names of these early settlers.
By 1904 the Department of Militia and Defence purchased 150 properties from these settlers totaling 90 square kilometres (22,000 acres). The Royal Canadian Horse and Garrison Artillery were the first to train at Petawawa Military Camp during the summer of 1905. In 1906 the Royal Canadian Engineers constructed huts, stables and installed water and gas systems. In that same year “A” and “B” Batteries of the Royal Canadian Horse Artillery, commenced the first of many marches to Camp Petawawa for summer training from their permanent station in Kingston, Ontario.
By 1907 combined training and tactical exercises were conducted by various other units such as A and B Squadron, Royal Canadian Dragoons; A and B Batteries, Royal Canadian Horse Artillery; No. 2 Company, Royal Canadian Engineers; a battalion from The Royal Canadian Regiment; and detachments from the Medical and Ordnance Corps.
Other Useful Links
Pembroke Daily Observer Newspaper http://www.thedailyobserver.ca/
Petawawa Post http://www.petawawapostlive.ca/
Things to Do in Petawawa – http://www.petawawa.ca/things-to-do/
Petawawa Public Library – http://www.petawawapubliclibrary.ca/index.html
Pembroke Public Library http://www.pembrokelibrary.ca/
Ottawa River Power Corporation http://www.orpowercorp.com/
Establishing New Utility Service http://www.ppines.com/index.aspx?NID=1044
Health Care Connect
Health Care Connect helps assist Ontarians in finding a family doctor. People who are without a family doctor are referred to medical professionals such as nurse practitioners who are accepting new patients within the community. Register by phone at 1-800-445-1822
Ontario Health Insurance Plan (OHIP)
http://www.health.gov.on.ca/en/public/programs/ohip/ or call their info line at 1-866-532-3161
Renfrew County and District Health Unit http://www.rcdhu.com/
Hospitals & Medical Clinics
Pembroke Regional Hospital http://www.pemreghos.org/
Pembroke Lakeside Medical Walk-In Clinic https://plus.google.com/112111446931965803916/about?hl=en